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Archive:  Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000 (Prop. 36)


Fact Sheet

On November 7, 2000, California voters approved Proposition 36, the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000 (SACPA). The law became effective statewide on July 1, 2001.


What is the intent of SACPA?

Under SACPA, first or second time non-violent adult drug offenders who use, possess, or transport illegal drugs for personal use will receive drug treatment rather than incarceration. Implementation of SACPA has required a new model of collaboration between the criminal justice system and public health agencies to promote treatment as a more appropriate and effective alternative for illegal drug use. SACPA was designed to:

  1. Preserve jail and prison cells for serious and violent offenders;
  2. Enhance public safety by reducing drug-related crime; and
  3. Improve public health by reducing drug abuse through proven and effective treatment strategies.

What are the requirements of SACPA?

Eligible offenders may receive up to one year of drug treatment and six months of aftercare. Treatment must be provided in a program licensed or certified by the State. The courts may sanction offenders who are not amenable to treatment. Vocational training, family counseling, literacy training, and other services may also be provided. Upon completion of successful drug treatment, participants may petition the sentencing court for dismissal of charges.