Archive: Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA)
On November 7, 2000, California voters approved Proposition 36, the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000 (SACPA). Under SACPA, first- or second-time nonviolent adult drug offenders who use, possess, or transport illegal drugs for personal use will receive drug treatment rather than incarceration. SACPA was designed to:
- Preserve jail and prison cells for serious and violent offenders.
- Enhance public safety by reducing drug-related crime.
- Improve public health by reducing drug abuse.
The Offender Treatment Program (OTP) was established in Fiscal Year (FY) 2006-07 to enhance SACPA outcomes and accountability. The OTP statute authorized additional funds to counties that demonstrate a commitment of county matching funds. OTP funds can be used for the following purposes:
- Enhancing treatment services for offenders assessed to need them, including residential treatment and narcotic treatment therapy.
- Increasing the proportion of sentenced offenders who enter, remain in, and complete treatment, through activities and approaches such as co-location of services, enhanced supervision of offenders, and enhanced services determined necessary through the use of existing drug test results.
- Reducing delays in the availability of appropriate treatment services.
- Use of drug court model, including dedicated court calendars with regularly scheduled reviews of treatment progress, and strong collaboration by the courts, probation, and treatment.
Funding for SACPA was eliminated effective July 1, 2009. OTP funding was continued in FY 2009-2010, but at a reduced level.